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Streptococcus thermophilus, also known as Streptococcus salivarius subsp. thermophilus, is commonly used in the dairy industry. Along with Lactobacillus bulgaricus it serves as a starter in the production of yogurt. Streptococcus comes from a Greek term meanings easily bent or twisted, which refers to the way the bacterium is grouped in chains that resemble a string of beads.  Thermophilus means love of heat and refers to the bacteria’s ability to thrive at high temperatures. It is from the genus Streptococcus which also contains many harmful bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogenes and pneumoniae and from the order Firmicutes, which are the most common bacteria in our gut. A number of studies have been conducted to test its health benefits. It is one of the bacteria that has been shown to specifically help ulcerative colitis.

Research

 

  1. Streptococcus Thermophilus: A Bacterium Which Is Harmless to Health.” International Research Associates. 14 Nov. 2006. Web. 25 Apr. 2011.
  2. Hood, Kerenza; Nuttall, Jacqui; Gillespie, David; Shepherd, Victoria; Wood, Fiona; Duncan, Donna; Stanton, Helen; Espinasse, Aude; Wootton, Mandy; Acharjya, Aruna; Allen, Stephen; Bayer, Antony; Carter, Ben; Cohen, David; Francis, Nick; Howe, Robin; Mantzourani, Efi; Thomas-Jones, Emma; Toghill, Alun; Butler, Christopher C (2014). “Probiotics for Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhoea (PAAD): a prospective observational study of antibiotic-associated diarrhoea (including Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea) in care homes” (PDF). Health Technology Assessment. 18 (63): 1–84. doi:10.3310/hta18630. ISSN 1366-5278.
  3. Ghouri, Yezaz A; Richards, David M; Rahimi, Erik F; Krill, Joseph T; Jelinek, Katherine A; DuPont, Andrew W (9 December 2014). “Systematic review of randomized controlled trials of probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics in inflammatory bowel disease”. Clin Exp Gastroenterol. pp. 473–487. doi:10.2147/CEG.S27530. Retrieved 17 May 2016.
  4. Mardini, Houssam E.; Grigorian, Alla Y. (2014). “Probiotic Mix VSL#3 Is Effective Adjunctive Therapy for Mild to Moderately Active Ulcerative Colitis”. Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. 20 (9): 1562–1567. doi:10.1097/MIB.0000000000000084. ISSN 1078-0998; Access provided by the University of Pittsburgh
  5. “The probiotic mixture VSL#3 has differential effects on intestinal immune parameters in healthy female BALB/c and C57BL/”. National Center for Biotechnology Information , National Institutes of Health. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 2016-05-24.
  6. Whitford, E. J.; Cummins, A. G.; Butler, R. N.; Prisciandaro, L. D.; Fauser, J. K.; Yazbeck, R; Lawrence, A; Cheah, K. Y.; Wright, T. H.; Lymn, K. A.; Howarth, G. S. (2009). “Effects of Streptococcus thermophilus TH-4 on intestinal mucositis induced by the chemotherapeutic agent, 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)”. Cancer biology & therapy. 8 (6): 505–11. doi:10.4161/cbt.8.6.7594. PMID 19305160.
  7. Ripudaman S. Beniwal; Vincent C. Arena; Leno Thomas; Sudhir Narla; Thomas F. Imperiale; Rauf A. Chaudhry; Usman A. Ahmad (2003). “A Randomized Trial of Yogurt for Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea”. Digestive Diseases and Sciences. 48 (10): 2077–2082. doi:10.1023/A:1026155328638. PMID 14627358.
  8. Durchschein F, Petritsch W, Hammer HF (2016). “Diet therapy for inflammatory bowel diseases: The established and the new.”. World J Gastroenterol (Review). 22 (7): 2179–94. doi:10.3748/wjg.v22.i7.2179. PMC 4734995Freely accessible. PMID 26900283.

 

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